AND THE EXPLORATION OF COSMOS
Nikola Tesla is discoverer of radio and remote control, so important
for computer guided spaceships from
mission control centers. Nikola Tesla is the father of
radio astronomy, in his laboratory
in Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 1899 he recorded cosmic radio
waves. The cosmic radio waves were
emitted from hydroxyl molecules of
interstellar gas clouds and the envelopes of Red Giant Stars.
They are very important for the exploration of cosmos. The
BBC film Masters of the Ionosphere features Nikola Tesla as the
first scientist who utilized the ionosphere for the scientific
purposes. The ionosphere is the ionic-charged part of the
atmosphere, important for the transmission of radio waves.
Nikola Tesla signaled Mars by radio, he spent fifty years of his
life to establish communications among of the planets by means of
This is a collection of many of the best images from
NASA's planetary exploration program.
The collection has been extracted from the interactive program
"Welcome to the Planets" which was distributed on the Planetary Data
System Educational CD-ROM Version 1.5 in December 1995.
On July 4,
1997 the NASA Explorer robot Sojourner landed on Mars and became the
first radio-guided vehicle to roam the surface of the Red Planet.
Remotely controlled exploration of
the cosmos began 100 years ago when Nikola Tesla
demonstrated the invention of the robot in New York City. In
1898 he filed and was granted a patent which described radio remote
control for use in guided vehicles. Space exploration
developed from this first building block. Tesla publicly
demonstrated his first working model of a robot guided by radio
waves. This device was unveiled to many astonished viewers at
the Electrical Exposition held at Madison Square Garden in May 1898.
This was front page news in America at that time. It was the
first time that the radio waves were used to guide a movement of a
robot-eleven years before Marconi was awarded the Nobel Prize for
the discovery of radio in 1909. This historic moment at
Madison Square Garden in New York City in 1898 showed what marvels
could be achieved by using radio waves. It was the beginning
of robots and robotics, radio guided missiles and remote control.
The radio communications and the
computer guided spaceships from mission control centers are based on
Tesla’s principal of radio remote control for use in guided
Nikola Tesla built a laboratory in
Colorado Springs, Colorado, in 1899, to experiment with high
frequency electricity and other phenomena. In that
laboratory he received and recorded on his sensitive instruments,
cosmic radio waves. He announced that he received
extraterrestrial radio signals. The scientific community in
1899 did not believe him, because knowledge of cosmic radio signals
did not exist at that time.
But for decades now, observatory
laboratories all over the world, have been registering cosmic
radio waves emitted from hydroxyl
molecules of interstellar gas clouds and the envelopes of Red Giant
Those faint radio waves with high
penetrating potential have frequencies between 1610.6 - 1613.8 Mega
Hertz. They are emitted from every cosmic material with
temperatures above absolute zero (minus 459.67 degrees Fahrenheit).
Tesla’s historic announcement of the
existence of extraterrestrial radio signals in 1899 was met by the
scientific community at that time with resistance and disbelief. But
it was not the first time in history.
The great 17th- century
astronomer and physicist Galileo was sentenced to life in prison by
the inquisition court in Rome in 1633. He was punished for
supporting the Copernican Theory that the earth rotates around the
sun. This is now a known fact, but at the time of Galileo,
according to Holy Scripture, the earth was the center of the
Universe and the sun rotated around the earth. The great
scientific truth is sometimes going through rough road in order to
reach the goal.
The BBC film Masters of the
Ionosphere features Nikola Tesla as the first scientist in the world who wanted to
utilize the ionosphere for the benefit of humanity. The
ionosphere is the ionic-charged part of the atmosphere, important
for the transmission of radio waves. It is the earth’s shield
from solar radiation. Today, most global radio communications
depends on the ionosphere. The existence of the ionosphere is
known since the 19th Century. It was once called
the Kennely-Heaviside layer after two scientists exploring its
existence. This thin air of the high stratosphere and beyond,
where atoms and molecules are ripped apart and electrified by
incoming cosmic and solar radiation is now known as the ionosphere.
The ionosphere is the electric atmosphere and a good conductor of
radio waves, surrounded by a layer of some poorly conducting
material such as air.
Nikola Tesla also wanted to utilize
the ionosphere to transmit electrical energy without wires over long
distances. For that purpose, he built Wardenclyffe Tower in
Shoreham, Long Island (1901-1905), meant to be the first
broadcasting system in the world and a center of the wireless
transmission of electrical energy. Much of today’s technology in
telecommunications evolved from Tesla’s original ideas.
Nikola Tesla had a vision of radio
communications with planets of the solar system. His
Wardenclyffe magnifying transmitter had sufficient energy, voltage
and frequency of oscillations to reach that goal.
Tesla’s vision was the exploration of cosmos.
Tesla was a man ahead of his time.
New York, July 10, 1998
-Dr. Ljubo Vujovic
Secretary General, New York
Tesla Memorial Society